Ag interests share concerns on Colorado basin plan
July 30, 2014
Agricultural interests are expressing concerns that the draft Colorado River Basin plan that will be part of a broader statewide water plan is lacking in explaining the importance of water needs for farming and ranching in the region, and especially the Roaring Fork Valley.
"There are over 30,000 acres of land irrigated in the Roaring Fork River [watershed], with over 1,100 active irrigation diversions and over 800 diversions of water out of the main rivers and other smaller tributaries," the Mount Sopris Conservation District board states in a recent letter to Colorado Basin Roundtable Chairman Jim Pokrandt. "Most of these are for use on agriculture lands to produce hay and pasture."
Yet, in reviewing the latest revisions to the draft basin plan that were released earlier this month, much of the agricultural input that has been provided during the planning effort is "notably absent," especially as it relates to the Roaring Fork Valley, the district's letter states.
Preservation of agriculture is one of the six key themes included in the basin plan, which is still being revised and will continue to be for the better part of the next nine months.
"It did open some eyes that agriculture is listed as being important in the [larger] basin, but not in the Roaring Fork," rancher Jeff Nieslanik, who chairs the Mount Sopris District board, said at the Monday meeting of the basin roundtable in Glenwood Springs.
"We are in decreasing ag, but it is still going," he said, adding the importance of food production within the Roaring Fork watershed should be better spelled out in the plan.
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That should include some mention of specific projects that are being done to repair and bring efficiencies to agriculture irrigation infrastructure in the region, he said.
Agriculture water use was the focus of the regular monthly meeting of the basin roundtable, as it works to refine the basin plan and make sure Colorado River interests are reflected in the state plan that is due out next year.
"Ag is going to have a target on its back, because it does own a lot of the older water rights in the state," said roundtable member Kim Albertson, who has ranching interests in Garfield, Eagle and Mesa counties.
That includes not only farm-to-market operations, but "production agriculture," which exports a large percentage of its product outside the state, he said.
Agriculture accounts for 85 percent of water use in the state, meaning farmers and ranchers are coming under pressure to bring better efficiencies to their irrigation practices.
But a significant portion of that water use is "non-consumptive," meaning much of the water eventually makes its way back into the river system after it is used to irrigate crops. That should somehow be quantified in the basin plan, said several of those attending the Monday meeting who represented various agricultural interests.
When it comes to preserving agriculture within the water plan, it's not just about protecting farms and ranches, it's about food, said Dennis Davidson, irrigation water management specialist for the Mount Sopris, Bookcliff and Southside USDA conservation districts.
"As consumers we're all as guilty of using this water as anyone," Davidson said. "It's not agriculture, it's food production that you're losing."
Another concern being expressed in the statewide effort to draft a water plan is the practice of "buy-and-dry," where ag lands and their accompanying water rights are bought up by nonagricultural interests, such as for residential or energy development, and taken out of production.
While ag lands on the eastern plains are a big target for metro area water interests, the same market pressures exist on the Western Slope, pointed out Martha Cochran, director of the Aspen Valley Land Trust, which works with agricultural land owners to place conservation easements on their land to protect it from non-ag-related development.
"We do need to balance out those market forces, when we're trying to sustain agriculture and you have entities trying to buy [their water]," she said. "Either they are going to buy it, or we need to buy it."
Louis Meyer of SGM Engineers, which is in charge of writing the basin plan, said the Colorado Basin is not alone in its struggle with how to preserve agricultural interests without infringing on private property rights.
He said his team will review the input received from agricultural users as the plan is revised. "But you have to be specific" when it comes to mention of projects and their relation to the goals of the basin plan, he added.