Forest Service issues new guidelines for e-bike use
Opening nonmotorized routes is possible but must be thoroughly studied
The U.S. Forest Service released national guidelines Thursday that reinforce e-bike access to roads and trails open to motorized uses and give local officials leeway in evaluating the use of additional routes.
The national directive classifies e-bikes as a motorized use. Expansion of use onto nonmotorized trails is possible but must go through the agency’s regular environmental analysis process.
In the Aspen-Sopris Ranger District, the guidelines mean that Forest Service roads such as Basalt Mountain Road and Upper Lincoln Creek Road remain open to e-bikes, but trails including the Hunter Creek Valley network and Hay Park remain off-limits.
“There will not be any immediate changes to our approach for managing e-bikes on the White River National Forest,” said David Boyd, public information officer for the forest supervisor’s office. “Any proposed changes would go through a formal planning review including a (National Environmental Policy Act) analysis with opportunities for public comment.”
There are no current proposals being reviewed or planned to expand e-bike use, he said.
On a national scale e-bikes are allowed on 60,000 miles of motorized-use forest trails, roughly 38% of the trails the agency manages. Statistics on open trails and roads in the Aspen-Sopris District weren’t immediately available.
E-bike use on nonmotorized trails became controversial in 2019 when the Department of Interior said any routes open to regular bikes should be opened to e-bikes. That resulted in the opening of some trails managed by the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management. It didn’t affect the Forest Service, which is part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The Interior Department stepped back the rule and gave local federal land managers more authority to evaluate e-bike access on a case-by-case basis.
Mike Pritchard, executive director of the Roaring Fork Mountain Bike Association, said the controversy over e-bike use has largely calmed down in our neck of the woods, and he didn’t see anything in the Forest Service guidelines that would reignite it.
“It does seem that the e-bike topic is getting a little less heated over time,” he said.
He personally believes e-bikes are valuable to keep mountain bikers pursuing their passion as they get older and it gets other people off the couch. On the other hand, critics are concerned that opening nonmotorized singletrack routes will attract more riders to trails that are already overcrowded, he noted.
Class one e-bikes seem to be the most accepted among cyclists. They are pedal-assist bikes that require the riders to actively engage rather than simply twist a throttle.
In the Roaring Fork and Lower Colorado River Valleys, there is limited use of e-bikes and very few problems reported to the Roaring Fork Mountain Bike Association, Pritchard said.
E-bike use on the paved Maroon Creek Road has been more of a sore subject. A consortium of agencies that includes the Forest Service, Pitkin County and the city of Aspen is looking at changes for e-bike use on the popular route.
Pitkin County Open Space and Trails allows e-bike use on some of its trails that are paved or covered in crushed rock but not on its extensive dirt trail network.
“I’ve had no direction to change anything,” said Gary Tennenbaum, executive director of the open space program. Any change would require review by the open space board of directors and Pitkin County commissioners.
There is a hodgepodge of regulations in some areas that can be confusing. In the midvalley, for instance, Pitkin County Open Space and Trails operates two of the most popular trailheads to the network on the Crown, the lower Price Creek Trail and Glassier Trail. Some of the BLM trails on the Crown are open to e-bikes as well as motorcycles, while other BLM routes are closed to motorized uses.
In other areas, such as the relatively new Sutey Ranch, BLM trails are closed to motorized uses, including e-bikes.
Nationwide, the BLM allows e-bike use on 18,000 miles of trails.
The Forest Service’s national office released a statement Thursday that said flexibility is a necessity when assessing e-bike access.
“Emerging technologies such as e-bikes are changing the way people enjoy their visits to national forests and grasslands,” the agency’s statement said. “As e-bike use trends change with time and new technologies, the way the Forest Service manages these lands for multi purposes to ensure their long-term health and resilience must change as well. The agency thoroughly examined our policy to identify new ways to expand e-bike access for Americans in ways that meet user needs while continuing to protect forest resources.”
Support Local Journalism
Support Local Journalism
Readers around Glenwood Springs and Garfield County make the Post Independent’s work possible. Your financial contribution supports our efforts to deliver quality, locally relevant journalism.
Now more than ever, your support is critical to help us keep our community informed about the evolving coronavirus pandemic and the impact it is having locally. Every contribution, however large or small, will make a difference.
Each donation will be used exclusively for the development and creation of increased news coverage.